HTML Introduction

What is HTML?

  • HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language.
  • HTML is the backbone of the web, and it is used to create and display web pages in browsers.
  • It is used for creating and structuring the content for the World Wide Web.
  • It is the web’s language.
  • It is used for building websites.
  • It is used to define a page layout, which means that it is a basic page structure.
  • HTML is used to create website pages that we see on the internet.
  • It is made up of a series of tags.
  • This collection of tags is written in HTML.
  • The extension is “.html” or “.htm”.
  • HTML has many versions, the most recent of which is HTML5.

Features of HTML

  • It is platform agnostic.
  • A web page can include images, videos, and audio.
  • The text can be supplemented with hypertext.
  • It is a type of markup language.
  • It is a language that is interpreted.
  • It Mixed with other languages like CSS and JavaScript.
  • Structure Semantic.
  • Local Storage and Indexed DB – Data storage on the client side.
  • Offline Capabilities with Cache API and Service Workers (PWA).

Why the word HyperText & Markup Language

  • The term “Hypertext” refers to the ability to create and link text that can be accessed in a non-sequential manner.
  • Users can access related content on the same or other web pages by clicking on hyperlinks in hypertext, which allows for non-linear navigation of information.
  • The term “Markup Language” refers to the process of annotating text with tags that describe the structure and formatting of the document.
  • HTML tags help how content, such as headings, paragraphs, images, and links, will be displayed on a web page.

History Of HTML

  • HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, was developed in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist widely regarded as the World Wide Web’s inventor.
  • Berners-Lee was working at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, at the time, and he wanted to develop a method for scientists to share and access information via the internet. He devised a system of hypertext links that allowed users to navigate between related documents, and he defined the structure and formatting of those documents using a markup language.
  • HTML 1.0, the first version of HTML, was released in 1993. It was primarily used to create simple web pages and included basic features such as headings, paragraphs, and links.
  • New versions of HTML were released over the next few years, each with more advanced features and capabilities. HTML 2.0 was released in 1995 and included table, image, and form support. HTML 3.2, released in 1997, added support for style sheets, allowing designers to separate a web page’s presentation from its content.
  • The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) released HTML 4.01 in 1999, which included a number of new features and improvements, including support for frames, scripting languages such as JavaScript, and improved internationalisation support.
  • In the year 2000, work on a new version of HTML known as XHTML began. It was intended to be a cleaner, more modular version of HTML based on the stricter syntax of XML. However, XHTML was never widely adopted, and the emphasis shifted back to HTML.
  • HTML5, the most recent version of HTML, was released in 2014. HTML5 includes a number of new features and improvements, such as video and audio support, new form input types, and improved mobile device support.
  • HTML is now the backbone of the World Wide Web, and it is constantly evolving and improving as new technologies and devices emerge.

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